Charlene Krueger, PhD, RN

Associate Professor and President, Faculty Organization

University of Florida
PO Box 100187
Gainesville, FL 32610-0187
HPNP 2228

Telephone: 352-273-6332
Fax: 352-273-6568


Dr. Krueger teaches philosophy of science to PhD students and women’s health nursing to undergraduate students.


Dr. Krueger conducts research on early developmental exposure to sound, specifically maternal voice.  She began with investigating maternal voice because, within the normal uterine environment, maternal speech provides a predominant, unique source of multi-modal sensory stimulation (auditory, vibratory, and vestibular) for the developing fetus.  For the preterm infant, however, this unique source of sensory stimulation (mother’s voice) is primarily lost, since the mother visits are limited, and the infant is continually exposed to the elevated levels of light and sound in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).

Krueger’s long-term goal is to use these comparisons between the fetus and preterm infant to improve the health of preterm infants, through the development and testing of interventions optimizing on the benefits of maternal stimulation.


Dr. Krueger is an affiliate to the Infant Development Research Center directed toward promoting collaborative research in the area of early human and nonhuman perception.  She is a member of the International Society of Developmental Psychobiology, the International Society on Infant Studies, and Southern Nursing Research Society.  She has reviewed for international journals on the topics of intersensory functioning and exposure to sound in the fetus and preterm infant and published her work in national and international peer-reviewed journals.

Clinical practice area/expertise

Dr. Krueger has established the groundwork for her research by gaining expertise in measures of heart rate variability, early learning capabilities, and short-term outcomes necessary for discharging preterm infants from the hospital (e.g., weight gain, days to enteral and oral feeds).


Dr. Krueger completed her PhD at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, where she minored in Developmental Psychology.  She completed her Master’s of Science in Nursing with a minor in Behavioral Psychology at the University of Florida.  Her Bachelor’s in Nursing was completed at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.

Selected Publications

  • Krueger, C. (under review). Emergence and retention of learning and memory in early fetal development, Developmental Science.
  • Krueger, C., Horesch, E.*, & Crossland, BA.* (in press). Safe sound exposure in the fetus and preterm infant, Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecological and Neonatal Nursing [Epub ahead of print].
  •  Parker, L., Krueger, S., Sullivan, S., Kelechi, T., & Mueller, M (in press).  Effect of breast milk on hospital costs and length of stay among very low birth weight infants in the NICU. Advances in Neonatal Care.
  •  Parker, L., Sullivan, S., Krueger, C., Kelechi, T., & Mueller, M. (2011). Effect of early breast milk expression on milk volume and lactogenesis stage II in mothers of VLBW infants, Journal of Perinatology [Epub ahead of print].
  •  Krueger, C., Parker, L.,* Chiu, S.-H., & Theriaque, D.  (2010). Maternal voice and short term outcomes in preterm infants, Developmental Psychobiology, 52(2), 205-212.
  • Krueger, C.  (2010). Exposure to maternal voice in preterm infants: A review, Advances in Neonatal Care, 10(1), 13-18.
  •  Krueger, C., van Oostrom, J.H.., & Shuster, J. (2010). A longitudinal description of heart rate variability in 28-to 34 week-old preterm infants, Biological Research for Nursing, 11(3), 261-268.
  •  Krueger, C., Gyland, E.,* & Theriaque, D. (2008).  Neonatal heart rate variability and intraventricular hemorrhage: A case study, Pediatric Nursing, 34(5), 401-404.
  •  Krueger, C., Schue, S.,* & Parker, L. (2007).  Neonatal intensive care unit sound levels before and after structural reconstruction.  Maternal Child Nursing, 32(6), 358-362.
  • Krueger, C., Wall, S.*, Parker, L., & Nealis, R. (2005).  Elevated sound levels within a busy neonatal intensive care unit.  Neonatal Network, 24(6), 33-37.
  • Krueger, C., Holditch-Davis, D., Quint, S., & DeCasper, A.  (2004). Some effects of recurring auditory experience in the 28- 34-week-old fetus. Infant Behavior and Development, 27, 537-543.
  •  Krueger, C., & Tian, L.  (2004).  A comparison of the General Linear Mixed Model and repeated measures ANOVA using a data set with multiple missing data points.  Biological Research for Nursing, 6(2), 151-157.
  • PeBenito, F.*, Krueger, C. (under review). A description of mothers’ experiences after providing recordings of their voices to their preterm infants, University of Florida Journal of Undergraduate Research.

Non-Refereed Publications

  • PeBenito, F.*, Krueger, C. (under review). A description of mothers’ experiences after providing recordings of their voices to their preterm infants, University of Florida Journal of Undergraduate Research.
  • Cimino, J.*, Krueger, C., & Parker, L.* (2009). Maternal voice, family visitation and discharge timing in preterm infants, University of Florida Journal of Undergraduate Research, 11(1), 1-6.
  • Keller, L.*, Krueger, C., Miller, H.,* & Sizemore, G.  (2008). Preterm infants exposed to maternal voice, University of Florida Journal of Undergraduate Research, 9(4), 1-4.

Note:  * denotes publications with students.